The principle of generation of electricity using gravity

Sun, Apr 23, 2006 at 10:46 AM

This is the illustration of the principle of my last thermal PMM in particular, and generic principle for static generation of electricity.
From the ongoing discussion which treat gravity as a continuous force applied on an object. Then it follows that we could directly use that force as a source of energy. The technical problem is how to extract energy from the gravitational force when this force produce no displacement(thus no usable change).
The obvious way to produce change using gravity as source of energy is related to an thought experiment this author had in mind for a long time: What would happen if a Magnet is drop into a generating coil? By Lenz’s law an repulsive force would be produced to resist the downward movement of the Magnet. Given Lenz’s force is directly proportional to the rate of change of Magnetic field (which is affected by the velocity of the Magnet falling, and this velocity is given by g*t), what would be final trajectory of this Magnet look like? (When the relative movement between them is restrained to b in only one dimension.)
This thought experiment is not sufficient by itself as an conceptual framework to produce electricity using gravity as source of energy. From the reference example of air friction, the object would eventually moving downward with constant velocity. What force would return this object into its original position so the process could be repeated? Moreover, it is also known that Lenz’s force do not distinguish between the directionality of the relative movement between the source of Magnetic field and the recipient, therefore there will be situations which Lenz’s force added to the downward movement of the Magnet instead of resisting it.(As a whole increase the complexity of the calculation.)
After considerable consideration, I arrive at the following conceptual framework for production of electricity using gravity as source of energy.

1. An object is elevate to a location of higher potential energy(h) with an external source of energy.
2. It is release from the location which the potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. The velocity of the falling object is allowed to accumulate over a period before its movement is translated into production of electrical energy.(The accumulating period: P(t), the silent distance=d(s))
3. When the velocity of the falling object has reached a predefined value, the falling object is interacting with either a persistent Magnetic field or generating coils to produce electricity. In the process electrical energy is elicited by kinetic energy of the falling object.(The immersing period: I(t), the active distance=d(a).)
4. The by-product of electrical generation is a a resistant force against the change in 3. This force is designated to be multiple of the weight of the falling object. Thus the object is pushed upward. (The reaction period: R(t), the reactive distance=d(r).)
5. No resistive force would be produced against upward movement of the moving object. The flow of electrical current is restrained in the generating coil in such a way that the Lenz’s force would ONLY act upward(against the downward pull of gravity)
6. The circle of 1-5 would repeat until the object reach the point of lowest potential energy.(If gravity is sufficient to pull the object to that point.)
7. Electrical output is taken at the outlet of each individual generating coil.

Gravitational force acting on the same object remain unchanged during the process. The strength of resistant force(Lenz’s force) could be adjusted by changing the parameters like the electrical resistant of the generating coils, the number of ring, the thickness of each coil, the winding of the coil and the number of generating coils.

(Downward as positive)
The constant downward force=mg
The Lenz’s force=-kv

We must have here kv>mg.(where v is the velocity when the Lenz’s law begin to take effect) Ideally we require kv=2mg. Moreover, there should also be restraining mechanism to ensure the object move only in vertical dimension.

In One instance of implementation, the functional component make up this invention would be:
1. A weight to provide the gravitation force input.
*2. A spring to both restraint the freedom of movement of the weight, and provide additional upward and downward force. (The maximum extensibility of it determine the lowest point component 1 can go.)
3. A cylindrical non-conducting tunnel to restraint the freedom of movement of the weight.
4. A persistent source of Magnetic field(usually Permanent Magnet).
5. Generating coils each with electrical component to restrict the flow of electrical current for generation of electrical current and upward force by Lenz;s law.
6. A variable resistor attached in each of 5 to adjust the resistive force.
7. An output for electricity generated in the process.
Either 4 or 5 is attached in the weight while the remain is placed at the ground. We could theoretically replace the weight with an physical/electrical mechanism that would provide a constant downward force.

In this instance of implementation, the following happen in the process:
1. Component 1, usually attached by component 2 is release at a point of higher potential energy relative to any stable persistent force field. In this case, gravitational field.
2. Driven by force field, the component 1 move to a point of lowest potential energy relative to that force field in process 1. In the case, gravity drive the weight downward.
3. Component 2 or 3 keep the motion of component 1 ‘straight’ to the point of lowest potential energy in the force field of process 1. In this instance, the weight is kept by component 2 and 3 to move down in vertical plane only. The spring also start store Restoration potential energy in the process when it is being extended.(If spring is replaced by string or any non-extensible material, we need to ensure the length of it would allow component 1 to reach the lowest potential energy point.)
4. The downward velocity of component 1 attached with either component 4 or 5 is increase since no retardation force is apparent.The relative distance between Component 4 and 5 are too far to take any effect.
5. When the relative distance between component 4 and 5 is shorten to the level when they begin to react to each other’s presence in accordance to Lenz’s Law, a force resisting the downward movement is produced at both component 4 and 5.(The Magnetic flux line from 4 is cutting the ring of coil of 5) and electrical current is produced at 5 as result.
6. The strength the resistive force is greater than weight(downward force), thereby the totality of force bump component 1 along with component 4/5 upward.
7. As component 1 is moving upward with component 4/5, component 4 is restrained by component 6 is produce no effect against its motion.
8. The restoration force(in case of spring) stored in component 2 also take effect, provide additional upward force.
9. As the component 1 goes upward, the force from component 4 and 5 is ceased while force from 2 is diminishing. Thus the upward acceleration of component 1 slows down until gravity take over again.
The cycle is repeated at 1 again.

Notice that gravity could be replace by any stable persistent force field. And direction of action of this system doesn’t have to be in upward/downward only. As long as the object are under influence of that force field and resisted by Lenz’s force, the above process and mechanism is applicable.

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4 則回應給 The principle of generation of electricity using gravity

  1. [...] The principle of generation of electricity using gravity 4. The by-product of electrical generation is a a resistant force against the change in 3. This force is designated to be multiple of the… [...]

  2. elalfey 說道:

    Mr.
    I invent a machine that produces energy, works without any fuel
    And depend on the gravity
    The properties
    Working around the clock along the day of the year-
    produce high energy –
    New source of renewable energy sources –
    A new industrial revolution –
    works every where on the earth –
    cars, trains, ships and factories can work with it –
    I am pleased to produce the machine internationally at you
    I can send the idea and designs
    Thanks
    Email / elalfey_2@yahoo.com
    Name / EL- ALFY, Sabry Abdo
    Mobile /0020187656478
    Specialization / Physic
    Address / Egypt
    http://www.mawhopon.net/ver_ar/news.php?news_id=4153

    http://aafaq.genistra.com/2009/02/post-342.html

  3. elalfey 說道:

    Mr.
    I invent a machine that produces energy, works without any fuel
    And depend on the gravity
    The properties
    Working around the clock along the day of the year-
    produce high energy –
    New source of renewable energy sources –
    A new industrial revolution –
    works every where on the earth –
    cars, trains, ships and factories can work with it –
    I am pleased to produce the machine internationally at you
    I can send the idea and designs
    Thanks
    Email / elalfey_2@yahoo.com
    Name / EL- ALFY, Sabry Abdo
    Mobile /0020187656478
    Specialization / Physic
    Address / Egypt
    http://www.mawhopon.net/ver_ar/news.php?news_id=4153

  4. elalfey 說道:

    Machine Works by The Power of Floation and Produces Energy

    Technical Field:
    It is A machine works by the power of floation and produces energy

    Background Art:
    None

    Disclosure of Invention :

    Idea of the machine
    Principle of lushatele
    When there is a balanced chemical reaction (incomplete, reflection) and a change in one of the factors affecting it takes place , The reaction goes in the direction that removes this change.
    Factors that affect the balanced chemical reaction:
    1- Pressure
    2- concentration
    3- Temperature
    4- The number of moles
    Example:
    1- NH3 (g) + H2O (Li) D NH4OH (Li)
    2- CO2 (g) + H2O(Li) D H2CO3 (Li)
    And so on
    reaction in the first number (1)
    NH3(g) +H2O (Li) D NH4OH (Li)
    the field of reaction contains both ammonia , ammonium hydroxide and water:
    NH3(g) ‘ H2O(Li) ‘ NH4OH(Li)
    When an increase in pressure on the system (field of reaction) happens, the reaction goes in this direction:
    NH3(g) +H2O (Li) ª NH4OH(Li)
    ammonia gas is used and the volume decreases
    When a decrease in pressure takes place, the reaction goes in this direction: NH4OH (Li) ª NH3 (g) + H2O(Li)
    to produce ammonia gas and the volume increases .
    on the separation of gas NH3 or part of it out of the field of reaction, the reaction goes in this direction:
    NH4OH (Li) ª NH3 (g) + H2O(Li)

    It Works to produce ammonia and increase the volume of the field of reaction And the increase or the decrease the pressure affects the direction of the reaction because the field of reaction contains gas.

    Brief Description of Drawings:

    Figure( 1)
    This unit moves up and down and consists of:
    1. A Rear lid cover for the entry and exit of water from the well or vessel form (1) In this case, water enters in the floating unit from the slot on the outside cover.
    2. Water surrounds the floating unit which causes the pushing power to the floating unit and it is found in the well or the vessel.
    3. External cylindrical vessel and in the front cone shape to reduce friction with water during motion and the back cover is installed in to its back.
    4. Cavity between the outer and inner container filled with air it reduces the weight of floating unit in the water.
    5. Nail for installing the inner vessel and the outer vessel .
    6. inner pot that has the same installation of the outer pot , but the inner vessel diameter is less than the outer vessel diameter .
    7. Piston (weight) moves within the inner vessel and it is compactly attached to it.
    And moves under the effect of its weight , and in this form (1) it works to increase pressure on existing vehicles
    ( H2O ‘ NH4OH ‘ NH3) 8. Ammonia ( NH3 )
    9. CD-barrier installed in the vessel and its internal holes each hole has a cover. The cover is installed in the base by using screw and the base is installed in the barrier disc and the cover moves under the effect of its weight in this form (1) the lid points downwards and the holes are open and gas (NH3) at the top of the barrier disc is connected to ammonia gas at the bottom of the barrier disc and the pressure on gas (NH3) at the top of the barrier will move to the disc gas from the bottom of the barrier disc and then to (NH4OH) and the water i.e. the pressure from the piston moves to the elements in the field of reaction.
    10. Open hole in the disc checkpoint
    11. Cover hole
    12. Open hole in the disc checkpoint
    13. A hole in the back cover
    14. Water from the well enters from the hole in the back cover
    15. Nail for installing internal and external vessels .
    16. Hole in the outer vessel it is called hole of carrying and installation. each floating unit contains two holes enters its nail-called nail of carrying and installation one end of the nail is fitted in the chain and the other part is fitted in the parallel chain and the screw is to hold and install the floating unit and

    when it moves, this moves the chain.
    17. Nail for carrying and installation.
    18. arrow (signal) indicates the direction of movement and floating unit, in this case (Figure 1) floating unit moves from top to bottom.
    19. a place to install the barrier disc in the inner pot.
    20. Ammonia gas.
    21. Nail for installing the inner vessel and the outer vessel .
    22. the front part of floating unit is a cone-shaped to reduce friction with water.
    23. Solution NH4OH and water(H2O)
    Explaining the work of the floating unit in Figure (1):
    It Begins its work at the gear at the top of the machine into the gear at the bottom of the machine, and the front part of a floating unit is heading to the bottom.
    the piston (7) presses and moves downwards into the inner pot (6) under the effect of its weight and the pressure increases on the reaction field :( H2O ‘ NH3 ‘ NH4OH )
    as a result of the increase of the pressure, the reaction goes in this direction :( NH3(g) +H2O (Li)  NH4OH(Li) )
    i.e. ammonia is reduced
    this produces ( NH4OH ) and volume decreases and the piston moves downwards and the water enters from the well to a floating unit through the hole (13) in the back cover (2), this increases the average of density of the floating unit and the force of pushing of water affecting Floating unit decreases and the floating unit moves from top to the bottom until it reaches the gear at the bottom of the machine.

    Figure (2)
    floating unit moves in Figure (2) from the gear at the bottom of the machine to the gear at the top of the machine.
    Composition:
    1. Stud link internal and external vessel
    2. the front part of floating unit is heading to the top.
    3. Cavity filled with air between the inner and outer vessels.
    4. Stud link internal and external vessel.
    5. internal pot.
    6. Cover of the hole moves under the effect of its weight and it is in the figure (2) the hole in the barrier disc is closed and the ammonia gas at the top of the barrier is separated from the reaction field and the number of moles of ammonia gas and concentration of ammonia is decreased in the field of reaction.
    7. CD-barrier.
    8. hole in Disc barrier is closed.
    9. Ammonia gas.

    10. hole for carrying and the installation.
    11. hole for carrying and the installation.
    12. Ammonium hydroxide solution and water ( H2O ‘ NH4OH )
    13. Nail for installing the internal and external vessels.
    14. Piston (weight).
    15. Water can come out of the slot in the rear back cover.
    16 back cover.
    17. Nail for installing the internal and external vessels.
    18. Ammonia gas.
    19. place to install the internal and external vessels.
    20. Arrow shows the direction of movement for the floating unit and in the form of 12 the floating unit moves from the bottom to the top.
    21. Cavity filled with air between the internal and external vessels.
    22. Nail for installing internal and external vessels.
    23. floating unit surrounded by water.
    24. A hole in the back cover.
    Explain the floating unit Fig (2)
    when the floating unit start at the lower gear in the machine and also the front part of floating unit is heading upwards, the piston (14) chips away the pressure (reduces pressure) on the reaction field (NH3 ،H2O ‘ NH4OH ) under the effect of
    weight downwards and the cover of the hole No. (6) starts to move to the bottom under the effect of its weight and the hole is closed and ammonia No. (9) are separated from the reaction field and the reaction goes in this direction:
    NH4OH (Li) ª NH3 (g) + H2O(Li)
    The volume increases and the piston moves downwards and the water No. (15) goes out through the hole in the back cover (1) The average density of floating unit decreases and the pushing force of water affecting the floating unit increases and moves heading to the top then the Chain moves to move the gear and the horizontal axis and then the main gear moves to transmit motion.
    There are two factors that make the reaction in Figure (2) move in the direction of ammonia formation (NH3) :
    1. Separation of ammonia gas ( NH3) by the barrier disc and the cover of hole.
    2. Reducing pressure on the field of reaction.

    Figure (5)
    1. gear
    2. Bearings wear seat
    3. Horizontal axis
    4. Base installed in the inner wall of the well in which the horizontal axis is installed
    5. floating Unit moves downwards
    6. chain
    7. the front part of the Floating unit
    8. A Rear lid
    9. Surface of the water in the well
    10. Bearings wear
    11. A hole in the back cover
    12. Flotation unit moves to the top
    13. the front part of the Floating unit is heading upwards
    14. Back cover

    15. chain
    16. Well
    17. Base
    18. Nail for installing
    19. Bottom of the well

    ABSTRACT

    According to the principle of Lushatele when you use the following chemical reaction:
    NH3 (g) + H2O (Li)  NH4OH (Li)
    In a pot (floating unit)
    First case: The movement starts from the gear at the top of the machine and the front part of floating unit heading to the bottom
    By increasing the pressure on the system by the piston, reaction moves in the direction of the exponential and consumes NH3 and the volume of the system becomes less and the average density increases and the pushing force of water decreases then the vessel containing the system (floating unit) moves to the bottom till it reaches the gear at the bottom of the machine .
    Second case:
    By reducing the pressure and the separation of gas NH3 from the reaction field, the reaction goes in the opposite direction, which works to form the gas (NH3) and the volume of the system increases. the average density of floating unit decreases, the pushing force of water to the floating unit increases, the floating unit rises from the bottom to the top heading to the surface of the water in the well.
    There is a continuous exchange between the first case and the second case. We can get the kinetic energy that can be converted to any form of energy.

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